Sequoyah County vs. Oklahoma
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2022
Introduction
Sequoyah County vs. Oklahoma
Sequoyah County:
2022 Avg. Earnings = $37,007
2022 Percent of State = 59.60%
Oklahoma:
2022 Avg. Earnings = $62,096
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Sequoyah County with comparisons to Oklahoma and the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Sequoyah County.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller counties. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent counties owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Sequoyah County Average Earnings Per Job, 1970-2022
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Sequoyah County Average Earnings Per Job, 1970-2022
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Sequoyah County's annual average earnings per job over 1970-2022 in current and constant (2017) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Sequoyah County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Sequoyah County's average earnings per job increased 582.40%, from $5,423 in 1970 to $37,007 in 2022. When measured in constant 2017 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 16.24%, from $27,436 in 1970 to $31,891 in 2022.
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2022
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2022
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Sequoyah County's and Oklahoma's annual real average earnings per job for the period 1969-2022 to illustrate real average earnings per job patterns over time. During this 54-year period, Sequoyah County's real average earnings per job rose from $27,842 in 1969 to $31,891 in 2022, for a net gain of $4,049, or 14.54%. In comparison, Oklahoma's real average earnings per job increased from $31,929 in 1969 to $53,511 in 2022, for a net advance of $21,583, or 67.60%.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Sequoyah County's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Oklahoma, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Sequoyah County's overall real average earnings per job growth was 14.54% over 1969-2022 trailed Oklahoma's increase of 67.60%, and fell below the United States' increase of 62.26%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2022
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2022
Figure 4.
Figure 4 displays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Sequoyah County and Oklahoma average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2022.
In 1969, Sequoyah County's average earnings per job amounted to 73.23% of the national average; in 2022, it approximated 51.70%. Similarly, in 1969, Oklahoma's average earnings per job totaled 83.98% of the national average; in 2022, it consisted of 86.74%.
Sequoyah County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Sequoyah County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Sequoyah County's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2022. The average annual percent change for the entire 53-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Sequoyah County's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 0.35% over 1970-2022. The county recorded its highest growth in 1973 (17.77%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1975 (-10.19%). In 2022, Sequoyah County's real average earnings per job declined by -4.71%
Sequoyah County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Sequoyah County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Sequoyah County's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2022.
During the 1970s, Sequoyah County's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged -0.60%. It averaged 0.77% in the 1980s, 0.21% in the 1990s, 0.77% throughout the 2000s, 0.91% during the 2010s, -0.62% thus far this decade (2020-2022).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Sequoyah County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Oklahoma and the nation. As the chart reveals, Sequoyah County's average annual real average earnings per job growth trailed Oklahoma's average during the 1970s (-0.60% vs. 1.77%), outpaced Oklahoma's average during the 1980s (0.77% vs. -0.18%), lagged Oklahoma's average throughout the 1990s (0.21% vs. 0.48%), lagged Oklahoma's average throughout the 2000s (0.77% vs. 2.19%), recorded under Oklahoma's average during the 2010s (0.91% vs. 1.31%), and trailed Oklahoma's average over the 3 year period of the current decade, 2020-2022 (-0.62% vs. -0.46%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Sequoyah County recorded underneath the nation in the 1970s (-0.60% vs. 0.89%), registered above the nation over the 1980s (0.77% vs. 0.71%), fell below the nation during the 1990s (0.21% vs. 1.68%), surpassed the nation over the 2000s (0.77% vs. 0.72%), fell below the nation during the 2010s (0.91% vs. 1.01%), and posted below the nation over 2020-2022 (-0.62% vs. -0.24%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.35
-0.60
0.77
0.21
0.77
0.91
-0.62
-4.71
 
1.02
1.77
-0.18
0.48
2.19
1.31
-0.46
-3.05
 
0.93
0.89
0.71
1.68
0.72
1.01
-0.24
-4.51
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Sequoyah County:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
5,257
0.189
27,842
100.0
N
87.20
73.23
1970
 
5,423
0.198
27,436
98.5
-1.46
83.69
71.39
1971
 
5,246
0.206
25,462
91.5
-7.20
75.97
64.75
1972
 
5,097
0.213
23,921
85.9
-6.05
69.61
58.65
1973
 
6,326
0.225
28,173
101.2
17.77
78.22
67.76
1974
 
6,764
0.248
27,282
98.0
-3.16
78.43
68.13
1975
 
6,581
0.269
24,501
88.0
-10.19
70.22
61.43
1976
 
7,340
0.283
25,905
93.0
5.73
72.88
63.55
1977
 
7,645
0.302
25,336
91.0
-2.20
70.34
61.60
1978
 
8,061
0.323
24,974
89.7
-1.43
68.06
59.90
1979
 
8,968
0.351
25,519
91.7
2.18
67.22
61.56
1980
 
9,548
0.389
24,527
88.1
-3.89
65.92
60.98
1981
 
10,297
0.424
24,276
87.2
-1.02
64.48
60.33
1982
 
10,139
0.448
22,646
81.3
-6.71
59.51
56.36
1983
 
11,180
0.467
23,952
86.0
5.77
64.56
59.09
1984
 
12,209
0.484
25,204
90.5
5.23
66.99
60.50
1985
 
13,008
0.501
25,950
93.2
2.96
68.68
61.56
1986
 
14,249
0.512
27,820
99.9
7.21
72.16
64.54
1987
 
14,019
0.528
26,551
95.4
-4.56
71.73
60.62
1988
 
14,471
0.549
26,376
94.7
-0.66
71.14
59.29
1989
 
15,621
0.573
27,280
98.0
3.42
73.30
61.35
1990
 
15,987
0.598
26,746
96.1
-1.96
72.29
60.11
1991
 
16,913
0.618
27,379
98.3
2.37
74.76
61.42
1992
 
17,591
0.634
27,738
99.6
1.31
73.56
59.88
1993
 
17,625
0.650
27,115
97.4
-2.24
72.03
58.55
1994
 
18,344
0.664
27,644
99.3
1.95
73.61
59.35
1995
 
18,414
0.678
27,177
97.6
-1.69
74.13
58.26
1996
 
18,890
0.692
27,297
98.0
0.44
73.75
57.57
1997
 
19,490
0.704
27,682
99.4
1.41
73.04
56.96
1998
 
19,681
0.710
27,732
99.6
0.18
71.45
54.65
1999
 
20,026
0.720
27,814
99.9
0.30
71.33
53.05
2000
 
21,517
0.738
29,147
104.7
4.79
72.68
53.92
2001
 
21,637
0.753
28,734
103.2
-1.42
69.12
52.17
2002
 
22,727
0.763
29,790
107.0
3.67
69.93
53.59
2003
 
23,625
0.779
30,330
108.9
1.81
68.62
54.12
2004
 
24,515
0.798
30,710
110.3
1.25
66.13
53.93
2005
 
24,979
0.821
30,415
109.2
-0.96
62.86
53.55
2006
 
25,599
0.844
30,316
108.9
-0.33
59.88
52.85
2007
 
25,497
0.866
29,440
105.7
-2.89
60.61
51.63
2008
 
25,750
0.892
28,878
103.7
-1.91
55.92
51.20
2009
 
26,615
0.889
29,931
107.5
3.65
62.33
53.19
2010
 
27,950
0.905
30,880
110.9
3.17
62.23
53.55
2011
 
28,625
0.928
30,844
110.8
-0.11
60.25
53.37
2012
 
29,506
0.945
31,212
112.1
1.19
59.45
53.59
2013
 
29,345
0.958
30,638
110.0
-1.84
55.36
52.56
2014
 
29,786
0.971
30,669
110.2
0.10
53.66
52.27
2015
 
30,566
0.973
31,414
112.8
2.43
57.63
52.69
2016
 
30,559
0.983
31,092
111.7
-1.02
61.96
52.26
2017
 
30,125
1.000
30,125
108.2
-3.11
58.65
49.93
2018
 
29,823
1.020
29,224
105.0
-2.99
55.64
48.02
2019
 
33,676
1.035
32,533
116.8
11.32
59.93
52.28
2020
 
34,359
1.046
32,837
117.9
0.93
60.40
50.99
2021
 
36,480
1.090
33,467
120.2
1.92
60.64
51.80
2022
 
37,007
1.160
31,891
114.5
-4.71
59.60
51.70
Source: Calculations by the Oklahoma Regional Economic Analysis Project (OK-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Oklahoma:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
6,029
0.189
31,929
100.0
N
83.98
1970
 
6,480
0.198
32,782
102.7
2.67
85.30
1971
 
6,906
0.206
33,515
105.0
2.24
85.22
1972
 
7,323
0.213
34,367
107.6
2.54
84.26
1973
 
8,088
0.225
36,019
112.8
4.81
86.63
1974
 
8,625
0.248
34,787
109.0
-3.42
86.87
1975
 
9,372
0.269
34,893
109.3
0.30
87.49
1976
 
10,071
0.283
35,546
111.3
1.87
87.20
1977
 
10,869
0.302
36,018
112.8
1.33
87.57
1978
 
11,843
0.323
36,693
114.9
1.87
88.00
1979
 
13,341
0.351
37,963
118.9
3.46
91.58
1980
 
14,485
0.389
37,209
116.5
-1.99
92.52
1981
 
15,969
0.424
37,649
117.9
1.18
93.57
1982
 
17,038
0.448
38,056
119.2
1.08
94.71
1983
 
17,316
0.467
37,099
116.2
-2.52
91.52
1984
 
18,224
0.484
37,623
117.8
1.41
90.30
1985
 
18,941
0.501
37,785
118.3
0.43
89.64
1986
 
19,748
0.512
38,555
120.8
2.04
89.45
1987
 
19,543
0.528
37,013
115.9
-4.00
84.51
1988
 
20,342
0.549
37,076
116.1
0.17
83.34
1989
 
21,311
0.573
37,217
116.6
0.38
83.70
1990
 
22,116
0.598
36,999
115.9
-0.58
83.15
1991
 
22,623
0.618
36,621
114.7
-1.02
82.15
1992
 
23,913
0.634
37,706
118.1
2.96
81.40
1993
 
24,469
0.650
37,645
117.9
-0.16
81.29
1994
 
24,919
0.664
37,554
117.6
-0.24
80.62
1995
 
24,840
0.678
36,662
114.8
-2.37
78.60
1996
 
25,615
0.692
37,014
115.9
0.96
78.07
1997
 
26,683
0.704
37,898
118.7
2.39
77.98
1998
 
27,543
0.710
38,810
121.6
2.41
76.48
1999
 
28,076
0.720
38,994
122.1
0.47
74.37
2000
 
29,605
0.738
40,103
125.6
2.84
74.19
2001
 
31,306
0.753
41,573
130.2
3.67
75.48
2002
 
32,498
0.763
42,598
133.4
2.46
76.64
2003
 
34,429
0.779
44,200
138.4
3.76
78.87
2004
 
37,069
0.798
46,437
145.4
5.06
81.55
2005
 
39,740
0.821
48,389
151.6
4.20
85.19
2006
 
42,750
0.844
50,628
158.6
4.63
88.25
2007
 
42,068
0.866
48,574
152.1
-4.06
85.19
2008
 
46,044
0.892
51,637
161.7
6.31
91.54
2009
 
42,698
0.889
48,018
150.4
-7.01
85.33
2010
 
44,916
0.905
49,624
155.4
3.34
86.06
2011
 
47,509
0.928
51,193
160.3
3.16
88.58
2012
 
49,630
0.945
52,499
164.4
2.55
90.14
2013
 
53,010
0.958
55,345
173.3
5.42
94.94
2014
 
55,514
0.971
57,160
179.0
3.28
97.41
2015
 
53,039
0.973
54,511
170.7
-4.63
91.44
2016
 
49,323
0.983
50,185
157.2
-7.94
84.34
2017
 
51,360
1.000
51,360
160.9
2.34
85.13
2018
 
53,596
1.020
52,521
164.5
2.26
86.30
2019
 
56,192
1.035
54,285
170.0
3.36
87.23
2020
 
56,883
1.046
54,363
170.3
0.14
84.42
2021
 
60,161
1.090
55,193
172.9
1.53
85.43
2022
 
62,096
1.160
53,511
167.6
-3.05
86.74
Source: Calculations by the Oklahoma Regional Economic Analysis Project (OK-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
7,179
0.189
38,018
100.0
N
1970
 
7,596
0.198
38,430
101.1
1.08
1971
 
8,103
0.206
39,326
103.4
2.33
1972
 
8,691
0.213
40,786
107.3
3.71
1973
 
9,336
0.225
41,579
109.4
1.94
1974
 
9,928
0.248
40,044
105.3
-3.69
1975
 
10,713
0.269
39,883
104.9
-0.40
1976
 
11,549
0.283
40,761
107.2
2.20
1977
 
12,412
0.302
41,131
108.2
0.91
1978
 
13,457
0.323
41,694
109.7
1.37
1979
 
14,568
0.351
41,454
109.0
-0.58
1980
 
15,657
0.389
40,220
105.8
-2.98
1981
 
17,066
0.424
40,237
105.8
0.04
1982
 
17,989
0.448
40,181
105.7
-0.14
1983
 
18,920
0.467
40,535
106.6
0.88
1984
 
20,181
0.484
41,663
109.6
2.78
1985
 
21,130
0.501
42,152
110.9
1.17
1986
 
22,078
0.512
43,104
113.4
2.26
1987
 
23,126
0.528
43,799
115.2
1.61
1988
 
24,408
0.549
44,487
117.0
1.57
1989
 
25,460
0.573
44,462
117.0
-0.05
1990
 
26,599
0.598
44,498
117.0
0.08
1991
 
27,537
0.618
44,577
117.3
0.18
1992
 
29,378
0.634
46,323
121.8
3.92
1993
 
30,101
0.650
46,309
121.8
-0.03
1994
 
30,909
0.664
46,580
122.5
0.59
1995
 
31,605
0.678
46,646
122.7
0.14
1996
 
32,810
0.692
47,411
124.7
1.64
1997
 
34,218
0.704
48,600
127.8
2.51
1998
 
36,011
0.710
50,743
133.5
4.41
1999
 
37,751
0.720
52,432
137.9
3.33
2000
 
39,903
0.738
54,053
142.2
3.09
2001
 
41,477
0.753
55,080
144.9
1.90
2002
 
42,406
0.763
55,584
146.2
0.92
2003
 
43,655
0.779
56,045
147.4
0.83
2004
 
45,456
0.798
56,943
149.8
1.60
2005
 
46,648
0.821
56,800
149.4
-0.25
2006
 
48,442
0.844
57,368
150.9
1.00
2007
 
49,382
0.866
57,019
150.0
-0.61
2008
 
50,298
0.892
56,407
148.4
-1.07
2009
 
50,041
0.889
56,276
148.0
-0.23
2010
 
52,191
0.905
57,661
151.7
2.46
2011
 
53,633
0.928
57,792
152.0
0.23
2012
 
55,061
0.945
58,245
153.2
0.78
2013
 
55,837
0.958
58,296
153.3
0.09
2014
 
56,990
0.971
58,680
154.3
0.66
2015
 
58,005
0.973
59,615
156.8
1.59
2016
 
58,480
0.983
59,501
156.5
-0.19
2017
 
60,329
1.000
60,329
158.7
1.39
2018
 
62,102
1.020
60,856
160.1
0.87
2019
 
64,419
1.035
62,233
163.7
2.26
2020
 
67,378
1.046
64,393
169.4
3.47
2021
 
70,421
1.090
64,606
169.9
0.33
2022
 
71,586
1.160
61,690
162.3
-4.51
Source: Calculations by the Oklahoma Regional Economic Analysis Project (OK-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PN
 
   
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